A patent for an industrial invention protects a technical solution (a product, an apparatus, an industrial method, or a specific use) able to solve a problem, which fulfils the requirements of novelty, originality and industrial applicability.
The technical solution is novel if it has not been disclosed, by the inventor or by third parties, anywhere in the world before the filing date of the patent application.
The technical solution is original if it does not derive in obvious and banal fashion from prior art technologies, i.e. if it is beyond the skills of the person in the field to which it belongs.
It has industrial applicability if it is not an abstract and/or insufficiently described idea, but rather allows the creation of a device, an apparatus or a method which can be used on an industrial basis
A novel idea need not exhibit exceptional elements of novelty and originality to be considered apatentable invention, but must merely offer a solution to a technical problem, which is advantageous in some way.
Any invention which potentially and for any reason can be more desirable to the consumer than other similar inventions already on the market deserves to be patented.
It is advisable to safeguard with a patent the results of any research that has involved the investment of money.
It is advisable to patent a technical solution - even if just in extremely schematic fashion - immediately after having devised it, without waiting for it to be entirely produced and perfected.
In fact, any disclosure that would make it accessible to the public, if proven, would deprive the patent application of the novelty requirement.
If any subsequent enhancements merit it, it is always possible to file subsequent patents for them.
A short description is necessary of what is known in the industry, with the drawbacks and problems the invention aims to solve;
a list of the advantages the invention offers;
a short description of the main embodiment and additional variants, with their relative function;
and any drawings or diagrams (even hand-drawn or in summary form).